A divorce can be pronounced by a judge of the Superior Court only in one of these three situations.
The spouses live separately for at least 1 year (or there is a de facto separation for 1 year), adultery, physical or mental cruelty.
The legal consequences of a divorce are the following:
Termination of the obligation to live together, division of the family patrimony, dissolution of the marital regime. A certificate of divorce is issued to the ex-spouses after the divorce has taken effect.
It is possible for spouses to divorce amicably by filing a joint petition for divorce on draft agreement. To do this, they will have to put in writing in a draft agreement all their agreements concerning the custody of children, the sharing of the value of property and other elements. The judge, if he accepts the draft agreement, will endorse it in his judgment.
In-camera divorce proceedings
Proceedings in family law are always held behind closed doors. The identity of the ex-spouses and children will not be revealed in the court documents and the judgment.